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What to do With a Broken Toe

Have you recently dropped something on your foot or accidentally run into a bedpost, table leg, or doorframe?  These are common causes of injuring bones in the foot.  A broken bone may result especially when swelling and pain develop.  If swelling and pain persists for a few days, a trip to your podiatrist is recommended for x-rays and evaluation.   X-rays allow the doctor to view the alignment of your bones and create a treatment plan.  If the fractured ends of the bone do not match up, your podiatrist may need to realign the bones in their office or with surgery.  Many times your doctor will be able to restore alignment simply by moving your toe.  Surgery for a fracture…

My Big Toe Woke Me Up!

Gout is a type of arthritis that occurs when uric acid settles in the joints.  It most often affects the big toe, knee, or ankle joints.  Most often gout symptoms appear in acute gouty attacks with pain that feels throbbing, crushing, or excruciating that starts during the night.  The joint typically feels warm, appears red and hurts to touch (even to lay a sheet or blanket over the joint).  After the first episode, people usually have no symptoms and can go months or years between attacks.  Gout attacks may lead to chronic gouty arthritis.   Gout is caused by higher than normal levels of uric acid in the body.  This can develop from the body making too much uric acid…

A Painful Ankle

One of the most common injuries of the foot is an ankle sprain.  Most of the time ankle sprains are thought of as a sports injury, they can be caused by daily activities such as walking off a curb, stepping on a rock, or missing a step.  The ankle joint is unique in the body as it is composed of three bones built to bear and stabilize about ½ of the body’s weight while still being fairly mobile.  To help understand the injury, some background anatomy is needed.   There are two bones in the lower leg and one in the foot that make up the ankle joint.  The two bones in the foot run together from the knee to…

What is this bump on the top of my foot?

Many times, people notice a large lump on the top of their foot.  This lump can cause redness, irritation, and sometimes a dull pain or ache when wearing shoes.  You many notice this lump is fluid or jellylike and seems to grow and shrink from time to time.  You may be confused as to what caused this lump, as you cannot seem to remember bumping your foot, dropping anything on it, or causing your foot any harm.   This lump is typically known as a ganglion cyst and is a very common soft tissue growth.  It is a sac filled with a jellylike fluid that originates from tissue covering tendons or joints.  The exact cause of ganglion cysts is unknown…

When to be Concerned about Your Child’s Feet

Foot and ankle problems in children are hard to spot.  Signs and symptoms are small and sometimes children can’t explain when or what’s wrong.  Any parent would agree that it is important to protect their children and have problems checked out early.  If your child is experiencing any of these warning signs it is time for a trip to the podiatrist:   Your Child Often Trips and Falls Repeated falls can point to a number of conditions.  If the clumsiness continues, it might be caused by in-toeing, balance problems, or neuromuscular conditions.   Your Child Complains of Pain It is never normal for a person to experience pain.  If your child has foot pain or swelling for more than a…

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome in My Foot?

It is remarkable how similar your hands are to your feet.  Most people know about or someone that has suffered from carpal tunnel syndrome.  This is not the case with tarsal tunnel syndrome.  Part of the reason is the confusing and differing symptoms that people experience.   Just like carpal tunnel syndrome, tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when a nerve gets pinched.  The nerve that is compressed is called the posterior tibial nerve and this happens as it travels through the tarsal tunnel.  This tunnel is located along the inner leg behind the bump on the inside of the ankle.  The nerve becomes compressed due to a variety of things such as varicose veins, swollen tendons, cysts, inflammation, or swelling.  Those…

Strong Feet Can Prevent Hammertoes

There are 19 muscles contained within each of your feet.  Of these 19 intrinsic muscles, 18 of them connect to the toes.  We spend most of our life in shoes where our toes cannot move freely and are not required to stabilize the foot.  This lack of use causes these muscles to become weak.  In addition, our choice of shoes can add more stress to these muscles by not allowing them to function properly.  This makes it increasingly more important to exercise your toes.  Strong toes help to strengthen your entire foot and prevent toe deformities such as hammer toes, claw toes, and mallet toes.  The following exercises can be used to strengthen your foot and toes.  These are useful…

Surprising Ways You’re Risking Your Foot Health

Everyone knows that high heels and pointed shoes are not the best for your feet, but your simple everyday events can also cause foot pain.  These may seem like harmless behaviors, but the following activities can cause major damage to your feet.  Also, lifestyle choices can factor into your foot pain.  The doctors at Coastal Podiatry Associates are well trained in diagnosing and treating foot pain.  Their knowledge and experience will help you reduce or resolve your foot pain.   Wearing Ballet Flats and Regular Flip Flops. These flat, non-supportive, soft footwear offer little help to your feet.  While spongy or soft footwear offer great shock absorption and may feel great when first used, they are not the answer to…

Simple Steps to Defeat High Heels

It is common knowledge that high heels are bad for feet and when worn for a long period can cause all sorts of foot problems.  It is typically the day after wearing high heels that women have the most pain or discomfort.  This pain may be mild and achy to intense and severe.  Some women are not able to walk for hours or days after just one long day in heels.  The pain may be localized to a pressure spot or might cover the entire foot.  These symptoms vary depending on the foot structure, heel height, shoe structure, and time spent in the show.  Taking over the counter pain meds and staying off your feet will help, but it does…

The Importance of Diabetic Shoes

It is of the highest importance for people with diabetes to take care of their feet!  In addition to keeping blood sugar at a normal level, daily washing and inspection of the feet, proper shoes and socks should be worn at all times.  Always wearing shoes and socks will prevent accidental and unknown stepping on objects that may cause trauma and breakdown of the skin and bones.  Diabetic shoes are also called extra depth or therapeutic shoes.  These specially designed shoes or inserts are meant to decrease the chance of blisters and skin breakdown at high risk areas of the foot.   Diabetic shoe inserts are also considered part of the diabetic shoe.  These inserts or orthotics are specially designed…

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