Think of tendons as a connection between muscle and bone. As tendons function, they convert muscle movement to a pulling action on bone. Within the foot, there are many tendons. The more commonly injured tendons have muscles bellies found in the calf. These tendons, the Peroneals, Achilles, and Posterior Tibial tendon insert on to bones within the foot to help stabilize and move the foot. These tendons can become injured as a result of overuse, improper footwear, misalignment, or trauma. A tendon injury may occur suddenly or develop over time. Many times tendon injuries are found in people who engage in sports that involve repetitive ankle motion. Tendon injuries heal with rest and cannot be treated by exercising through the pain. It is important to see a podiatrist for diagnosis and appropriate treatment.
There are two main types of tendon injuries. Tendonitis is an inflammation of the tendon. This is often the result of an overuse injury that weakens the tissue. This type of tendon injury often results from repetitive use and if left untreated may worse leading to chronic pain and even tear. Tendonosis is a degeneration of the tendon. When this occurs, the tendon may become overstretched resulting in weakness or ankle instability.
If you believe you have a tendon injury in your foot or ankle, it is important to see a podiatrist for diagnosis and treatment. The podiatrists at Fenton Foot Care can advise you on how to treat and avoid tendon injury.